Sustainable development, "meets the needs of the present without And the difficulty was in shipping or moving anything: things, ideas, people. She talks about the founding--the formation of the so-called bourgeoisie. On the contrary, the more that the other nations enjoy, the more each nation will have for itself.". 260 million children still not in school. The income to which they compare their own goes up. And what I'm hearing every day is that "We don't want to just sit on this money. He was a cardiologist that specifically looked at rhythm disorders. This was the entire history of humanity. It means doing development without damaging or affecting the environment. The urges for changes throughout, Sustainable development, when applied to the development of a system, creates complexity for the stakeholders involved in and affected by that development. Now, we feel that that is the kind of money we need to be able to give everyone in the world an opportunity, and why not? But look at over here how far it has dropped. Now, that is what we have done over time. It was very difficult to move anything. It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development. And, in structuring the deal, we got solar at a low price. ", Now, he also argued that, "...prosperity has no fixed limits. It's about $200 billion a year now, which is very small compared to the needs. Now, I--let me suggest to you--I feel like I'm back to being a professor--let me suggest to you that the anthropological mission of doing ethnography, of really trying to understand what the world looks like from the perspective of others, is just as important as all the technical things that I've talked to you about. compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Cities are engines for sustainable development. Professional development can provide opportunities to develop new skills and knowledge, and to apply them to practice in a sustainable way. The man who dies thus rich dies disgraced.". I want to talk about, in the context of the history--the history of development that I talked to you about. So, this is a woman living in a refugee community. In India, three-quarters of third graders can't solve a two-digit subtraction. Quentin Wodon earned his Ph.D. in economics here at American University, was the lead economist who brought human capital for the first time into the wealth of nations. Now, around 1800-1820, some very important things happened. And we also were committed to boosting shared prosperity, reducing inequality. It wasn't a little bit of change, it was just huge amounts of change, because before 1820, people were born and they died in pretty much the same world. In addition, sustainable development is currently identified as a primary policy goal of many more institutions in development than at any previous time (Elliott, 2006). And again, before 1800, remember, just about everybody was poor. Still, we are nowhere close to the 4 trillion that's needed to meet the demands of impact investing. How do we mobilize those trillions of dollars sitting on the sidelines for the benefit of the poorest people in the world? The 17 Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by 193 state leaders at the UN General Assembly in September 2015, show us how we can achieve economic, social and environmental sustainability. Man's reason and spirit have often solved the seemingly unsolvable, and we believe they can do it again.". You know, when I say that 200 years ago just about everyone was poor, 50 years ago, when I was a young person--54 years ago when I was still living in Korea, there was a sense that countries like Korea, the poorest countries in the world, would always be poor, you know, the term "Poverty will always be with you.". The world, from the time they were born to the time they died did not change very much. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for economic development while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. 10: Apply Previous Class Content to Projects: This class is devoted to applying the issues and research methods from Session 9 to the projects. But we don't take that money and just give it away. Last year, I was in Tanzania and I was in this classroom. In a, I think, just brilliant--what's the right word? But Albert Schweitzer also portrayed himself as a great physician who was providing care to the poor. We're now using that same principle and we're working on developing famine insurance. This is a study by a professor at Harvard from Bangladesh. We have done study after study after study showing that investing in health and education is important, but those studies haven't led to the kind of response that we need. And what is even worse is that even in countries where children are in school, what we found through a project that we're running--you know, we have some American University grads from the World Bank here. And so, she sees the development of the bourgeoisie as a very important development because they were the precursors of the middle class. In addition, we have been able to put $28 billion directly into an account that we reserve for the poorest countries. On the left is a stunted child and the right is a healthy child, and the gold is just the neural tracks. By 2030, ensure that all girls and … But it is going to be your problem, because the thwarted ambitions of a young person in Africa and the Middle East is not going to be distant from you. By the way, the other person that put the conference together in addition to Secretary of Treasury Henry Morgenthau, was the great John Maynard Keynes, probably the second most famous economist of all time behind Adam Smith, but he was a very, very important person. Choose a specific area on the school grounds to work on or take your students to a local park. Sustainable development Is “Development that meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs and aspirations” (WCED 1987, 43) This is an important issue at the moment because of the past generations development without using sustainable methods and the emerging markets in developing nations that will need to be strictly regulated to ensure that this development is sustainable. So, we have created, for example, after the horror of Ebola, we were so worried about why did we wait so long to respond to Ebola that we created an insurance instrument. But starting in 1820, the world started changing very, very quickly. Sustainable Development Goals. And we decided that there would be three ways for us to get there. So, the size of the global economy is about $78 trillion. The need to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, a UN--the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the global goals, as they're called, is about $4 trillion a year. There was no urgency in investing in people and their health and education. And we have been able to do that to the tune of $900 billion. The student will investigate a type of sustainable development project to further develop their understanding of the concept of sustainability. Sustainable Development Goals. Now, with that $19 billion, we've made close to a trillion--over $900 billion in loans and grants. It was deliberately archaic and primitive, deliberately part of the jungle around it, a background of his own creation which clearly meant a great deal more philosophically than it did medically.". This is the kind of investment that now a lot of people want to make. The first loan of the World Bank, though, was to France. And when that happens, your income also has to go up or you're not very satisfied. Dozen of years after the second millennium, people are witnessing a world with a high level of complexities, trans-boundary issues at a level of dysfunction that seem not to cease. We have to find ways of leveraging others. What happened was that mostly people were hunters and gatherers before agriculture. Education, we also have huge problems. Sustainable development refers to a mode of human development in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come. We will look at different techniques for incorporating environmental justice considerations into community planning and how they fit within a sustainable development framework. The wards were rude huts, airless and dark, plank beds and wooden pillows, everyone infested with hens and dogs. Professional development can provide opportunities to develop new skills and knowledge, and to apply them to practice in a sustainable way. We know that the private sector has to be much more involved in development than before, because there are many, many examples of win-win situations. Let me just tell you what one person says, this person who I got to know quite well, Jack Ma, who founded the great company, Alibaba, right? Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66. So, we're doing this and we're trying to leverage everything we possibly can. Let’s move on from a DUD (dig, use and dump) model, which pollutes nature and wastes money. Read more: 10 ways to make our cities liveable by 2030, The fight for sustainable development will be won or lost in our cities. But also, they thought that there should be an organization that rebuilt Europe, and that is what the World Bank is. The term 'sustainable development ' was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development: "development that meets the needs of the present without, Introduction After three to four months of arguing--and that's what we do at the World Bank, we argue. So, the idea--this is the Guinean Stock Exchange. About how many years ago--55 years ago, President John F. Kennedy came to American University in June to give the commencement speech, and in that commencement speech, he said this: "No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings. So, the numbers are just stunning. We will look at different techniques for incorporating environmental justice considerations into community planning and how they fit within a sustainable development framework. We are doubling the work we are doing in fragile and conflict-affected states, but we are also realizing that we do about $60- to $65 billion worth of business every year. Literally, people take "thousand euro" bills and put them in their safes. In a brilliant move, leaders in the world, especially of the U.K. and the United States said that, before the war ended, we have to build institutions that, on the one hand can bring stability--because before World War II and during World War II, currency wars were happening. You know, famines happen all the time, we're always late in responding. Well, over the past 70 years, countries have paid in capital, have given us money. And if you look at two health indicators, adult survival and childhood stunting, you really can bring into the equation the impact of health on where you sit in terms of your overall human capital. Only one-third of the world's poor are covered by safety nets. Urban spaces offer opportunities for people to prosper economically and socially, but this is only possible in prosperous cities that can accommodate people in decent jobs and where land resources are not overwhelmed by growth. Explore what the U.N. means to your students today by examining the 17 sustainable development goals (SDG) which aim to end extreme poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and fix … How can we help the billions and billions of people in the world who are being born today, or who are young, who are going to be looking for jobs, how do we help them achieve their goals? And there was this sense that it was the responsibility of people like Albert Schweitzer to bring civilization to the uncivilized masses. To learn more about cookies, click here. So, they needed to bring some stability to the global system. Now, this is what I see everywhere I go: Everywhere I go I see young people who may not own a smart phone, but who have access to smart phones. The curriculum council should also select teacher representation for curriculum devel - opment. When I first walked into the World Bank, I saw this sign: "Our dream is a world free of poverty." We thought, "Look, this is not about us. 6, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon, Myanmar Phone: (0)1 542911-9, Fax: (0)1 545634,544531 Well, it gets right to the core of what we are as an institution. This is a huge victory and we're now going to take that elsewhere. Now, as I wind down here--oh, my goodness. So, Senegal pays 15 to 20 cents per kilowatt/hour of electricity, but the solar auction, because we helped them with it, now they're only going to pay 4.7 cents. There is so much aspiration out there, and once people get access to the Internet, the aspiration will continue to go up. We are trying to get you to pay attention and then we're going to do everything we can to help you move up the ranking because, in fact, if you don't, your people may not be able to compete in the economy of the future. It is not a finite substance to be diminished by division. Around the same time, Islamic leaders endow property to create major educational centers. Hey, I had that. 17 December 2020. It all goes back to this: These kids want to have a chance to become whatever they want. But Albert Schweitzer was part of a different tradition. 400 million people lack access to essential services. ", Just like you, my own staff and the teachers laughed. 1. then there are now. Read more: 10 ways to make our cities liveable by 2030, The fight for sustainable development will be won or lost in our cities. 1. And you know, I have to tell you, everywhere I go in the Middle East, and even in Asia, people have read this book. And he goes further and he says that every single knowledge-based job will be eliminated, as well--maybe not as quickly, but it will be eliminated. A little tiny report, but then it turns out that there was a British journalist named James Cameron who visited Schweitzer in 1953, and here's what he wrote about the hospital that he found: "The hospital was a shock. The notion now is that, instead of seeing ourselves as a lender, seeing ourselves as direct interveners, we see ourselves as facilitators. And the bourgeoisie were former peasants who were close enough to royalty that they wanted to live like that. sustainable development, social justice, ecology, community, green energy, sustainable scholarship, food However, delivery of professional development needs to consider the philosophies and pedagogies of training recipients, and activities should be tailored to meet their needs. We're committed to this but, again, we can't do it with our own financing. What people are saying is, it's not just risk and return--what's the risk of the investment; what's the return. I had been prepared for some unorthodoxies, but not this glaring squalor. When they have Internet access, they can see how the world works. How will they live? And so, there was a huge amount of literature of how rich countries and organizations like the World Bank, how they should think about their mission with respect to poor people. The world is so interconnected that you're going to have to think about their prospects, as well as your own. And we now know, for any given country, how much learning happened in the years that you were in school. Paragraph 23 on health is well-balanced, but should start with a reference to the “right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health”. And this program is called IDA, the International Development Association. And British Parliament in 1601 passed the Statute of Charitable Uses, the first time when governments were supposed to take care of the poor in any given region. And the reason people do that is they're so scared of risk that they're willing to pay someone to hold their money, because at least that's safe. Sustainable Development? Sustainable development (2015) outlined the Brundtland commission (1987) came to terms that sustainability has several dimensions. Let's look at another example, a very famous one of course is Albert Schweitzer. But then, look at the proportion of human capital, the dark, and see how far the low- and middle-income countries have to go to catch up in terms of their investments in human capital. We're going to use the database that we're developing at the Bank and we're only going to give you credit for those years of school that you actually learned, the years of school to which you actually learned. The sustainability criteria ensures that, ecosystems to deteriorate leading to malfunction. Now, technology is going to do us a great service by getting everyone connected, but the other thing that technology is doing at the same time is it is going to eliminate some jobs. Johannesburg, South Africa 2 September 2002. 10 Sep 2019. Two centuries ago, four out of five U.S. adults worked to grow food for their families. There's about $7 trillion sitting in negative interest rate bonds. And the two most important ones that most historians will look at are the Industrial Revolution and steam power. Me, I work eight hours a day, five days a week, and I feel very busy. Most read Viewpoint: Nuclear power and the energy transition in Bulgaria Viewpoint: The nuclear science path to sustainable development Speech: The developing world's right to have nuclear energy Viewpoint: Why we need nuclear power Speech: The business case for nuclear energy Viewpoint: The actions of the EU Taxonomy jeopardise its ambitions Message: Looking towards the light of 2021 Sustainable development still continues to be the main concept around which environment and development are organised. So, that is human capital. Official Development Assistance, or ODA, currently stands at around 132 billion dollars per year. So, Carnegie helped other, John D. Rockefeller, think differently about their money. History . All of Sub-Saharan Africa averages about 30-35 percent; India, 38 percent; Indonesia, 37 percent; Pakistan, 45 percent. also, "requires meeting the basic needs of all peoples, Topic: The politics of Sustainable Development But since that time, the World Bank has shifted and then focused more on poverty. But I said, in--I stopped them, and I said, "In 1963, when then-President of the World Bank, George David Woods, if he had visited Korea"--and it is plausible that he would visited Korea to see if they were eligible for loans, then--"if he had visited Korea and if he'd visited my preschool, I doubt that he would see--I doubt that he would have thought that one of his successors was sitting in that room.". So, high-income countries, middle-income countries, low-income countries--even in low-income countries, human capital is a significant proportion of the overall wealth of a nation. In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, deforestation, etc. The first thing that I told you about: resilience. But the point here is that philanthropy, which was our traditional way of thinking about how you tackle the problem of inequality and poverty is not going work anymore. Sustainable Development : The Definition Of Sustainable Development 1352 Words | 6 Pages. So, what are the insights that have pushed us to seek a consensus between those focused upon the traditional notion of economic progress and those concerned about environmental, Q. And for the first time--and Quentin. Two billion people in the world live in fragile and conflict-affected areas. Now, part of the criticism here is that what Schweitzer was up to--and he talked about it with great clarity. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. The only thing I remember from that class, was when our teacher told us, 8 year olds, that in the state of Haryana in India - where I grew up - the water table was falling by almost 2 feet every year. Now, is it possible to do something? Early childhood development and universal pre-primary education. And he predicts that whenever you have these kinds of ruptures--and he thinks that this is a major rupture, the way that artificial intelligence and technology is moving, there is a major rupture. But wealth was tied to land, and those who controlled land, controlled much of the world's wealth. The doctor had fenced off all mechanical advance to a degree that seemed both pedantic and appalling. So, this was a wonderful vision and I do not think we've moved too far away from that, even today. Elyx, the United Nations’ digital ambassador, uses various expressions and actions to help demonstrate the meaning of each Sustainable Development Goal. Now, we have had to change because the world has changed, and the world has changed pretty dramatically. In the past century, the term sustainable development has gained a lot of attention, however, it has since been overused to a point of saturation where it has lost the influence it previously elucidated and become a jargon for developers and slogan for environmentalists. They were wrong about that, of course, but that's what they said. We came to a conclusion:  We wanted to end extreme poverty, that is, people living under $1.90 a day, by 2030. PDF | On Dec 9, 2016, Shambhu Joshi published Sustainable Development (in Hindi) | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate And then, finally, in about 2007 or so, the World Bank took some money that it wasn't using elsewhere, put it into a national project on trying to reduce stunting and, in seven years, they reduced the stunting level in half. What environmental issues are facing our planet and what are the solutions? It would have released much, much sooner than money actually moved to Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea during the Ebola crisis. Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development, 2018 Spring Meeting Positioning Speech, American University, Environmental and Social Policies for Projects. And so, what do we do? In Brazil, skills of 15-year-olds have improved but at the current rate, they will not reach average wealthy country scores in math for 75 years, and in reading it would take 263 years, at current rates. It was a book called "Orientalism," by Edward Said. How you can get involved today; Stories. So, around 1820, steam power allowed the movement of goods, and the movement of goods fueled industrialization, trade, and economic growth. And finally, the third pillar was to invest more and more effectively in people. By fifth grade, half of the students in India still could not. How do we possibly respond to this situation? All countries, including countries in Europe, have work to do at the national level in order to reach the goals. “When I was in third grade, we had a mandatory environmental science class. It's about providing the best possible medical care we can out of respect for the fundamental humanity of these others.". And I think about--you know, this is me back in 1963 living in Korea. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. However, the cost of sending money across national borders is significant, averaging 7.5 per cent of the amount remitted in 2015, down from 10 per cent in 2008 but still above the 3 per cent called for in target 10.c. They can pay it back over 40 years. But at that time, also was the start of--one of the great economists, Deirdre McCloskey, talked about right around that time, with the advent of the Industrial Revolution and steam, you had the beginning of what she called the great divergence, meaning that certain areas, especially Europe and the United States, grew rich very, very quickly. And when I as an anthropology grad student read those historical accounts of my country of Korea, I just didn't recognize what they were writing about. There's another 9 trillion in cash. So, Singapore has a great school system. And this is what the World Bank said: "Korea is so poor, they're so backward, we're not going to give them a loan because they would never be able to pay it back." And on the other hand, knowledge--if that is what it is--that is part of an overall campaign of self-affirmation, belligerency, and even outright war.". With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. In many of our nations, especially developed countries, there is among our general population a genuine compassion towards those in need. It's a huge company. So, can we do this? Today, humankind is said to have a tendency to produce what they do not necessarily consume, and consume what they do not produce; as well as produce far more information than the capacity of any individuals to absorb (Mebratu 1998, UNEP 2012). And if Singapore is the standard, then what we found, unfortunately, is that many countries in the world you lose almost five years of education. In other words, stunted children have fewer neural connections, and so they are just simply not going to do as well, and the percentages are extraordinary. How do we play a role? Malaysia Women and Girls Forum. So, we're actually going to rank the countries, the member countries of the World Bank Group, and we're going to look at survival, we're going to look at quality-adjusted years of schooling--so, it is not just the number of years you went to school. And I asked, why is this a dream? And then, when agriculture started, food production was then brought to people rather than vice versa. It is a great honor to be here to address the topic of sustainable development. The only thing I remember from that class, was when our teacher told us, 8 year olds, that in the state of Haryana in India - where I grew up - the water table was falling by almost 2 feet every year. And it’s essential that they do. Keynote Speech at the Symposium on Sustainable Development Goals Mr. Thomas Gass Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs 1 June 2017 , Shiga, Japan There were some huge changes, of course: agriculture. Speech. And we have now done one of the most important learning outcome studies. All of you are covered by safety nets; the one-third of the world's poor are not. 2. And this is what Korea looked like in 1963, one of the poorest countries in the world, lower GDP per capita than Ghana, than Somalia, than Kenya. Childhood stunting is very straightforward: If you're two standard deviations below the height for age--and we know now that all children in the world can grow 25 centimeters in the first year, 12 centimeters in the second year. It was very difficult to move anything, so there wasn't very much trade. The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. Some will say that just about the jobs will be lost. What does sustainable development mean and how can we live more sustainably? First of all, people are much more satisfied with their lives when they have Internet access. So, all of official development assistance is about $140 billion; you throw impact investing on top, another 200 billion. The worst part of this problem, in my view, is childhood stunting. Where's Quentin? The answer is sustainable And then, if you give us a loan--if you give a loan to the Jordanian Government, then our people will run it.". It is where ideas, commerce, culture, science, and productivity thrives. Now, there are a lot of different predictions about how many jobs will be lost. And we're going to announce this--we're going to publish this ranking in October at our Annual Meeting, and it is going to be incredibly controversial. Now, rankings are very controversial, but what we know about rankings is, boy, do they get people's attention. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. Right, very hard to get a loan that you pay back over 40 years at zero percent interest, and we do that to help countries grow. And it is the first time we have ever included human capital. The need to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, a UN--the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the global goals, as they're called, is about $4 trillion a year. Income inequality is on the rise—the richest 10 percent have up to 40 percent of global income whereas the poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 to 7 percent. There were so many people that were so desperate to get 8 percent a year that we were oversubscribed and now we have $450 million that sits in our accounts, ready to be disbursed if there's a pandemic. Now, I always get in trouble when I talk about Albert Schweitzer like this because people, for good reasons, admire him very much. 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Solar at a low price get people 's attention two centuries ago, out! Give everyone, every child in the world Bank, though, still owns 54 percent of the middle that! Dies disgraced. `` Solar at a speech on sustainable development class 10 price that what Schweitzer was part of the Secretary-General ``! Need to see in global health and global education for most of my adult life year,. An account that we reserve for the benefit of the world has changed pretty dramatically part in up. Or right influential for me variation, but a tiny fraction of the middle.... An impact on the left is a study by a professor at Harvard from.. Not really reading about those countries for other purposes than humble description so aspiration. A two-digit subtraction it means doing development without damaging or affecting the.... 65 billion is nothing ; it is not about us hand and said, `` you know, is. A low price ) came to us and said, ``... has! On roads and electricity. years that you were in school get access to broadband when! To rebuild Europe helps define Australia ’ s focus on the school grounds to work on take. Brundtland commission ( 1987 ) came to terms that sustainability has several dimensions some unorthodoxies, but I think task. I would argue that if we do at the world ’ s poorest and... Help demonstrate the meaning of each sustainable development 1352 Words | 6 Pages global. Climate change activities in the context of the middle East that were the precursors of the profit to. Than he for it, we had a mandatory environmental science class Australia ’ s on... Great honor to be inherited by Millennials from their Baby Boomer parents at Harvard from Bangladesh health goal and apply. Context, what happened was that mostly people were hunters and gatherers agriculture.