[9] In 1540, Hernando de Alarcón sailed up the Colorado and Gila Rivers; maps drawn by his expedition show the river as the Miraflores or Brazos de la Miraflores. The Gila River is a major waterway for Arizona, though flows (and especially navigable flows) are rare. Indigenous peoples have lived along the river for at least 2,000 years, establishing complex agricultural societies before European exploration of the region began in the 16th century. National Water Information System: Web Interface, Add up to 2 more sites and replot for "Discharge, cubic feet per second", Add up to 2 more sites and replot for "Gage height, feet", Accessibility 1.49   1.27 sdww02. Present day dams that divert the Salt River into a series of canals are indicated. Beginning in 1871, mainly Mormon settlers populated the Gila River valley around present-day Phoenix, using the Gila, Salt, and San Pedro Rivers for irrigation and establishing at least six major settlements. The river system has 36 fish species,[18] including largemouth bass, sunfish, channel catfish, flathead catfish, and Gila trout (Oncorhynchus gilae gilae). A number of minor diversion dams have been built on the river between the Painted Rock Dam and the Coolidge Dam, including the Gillespie Dam, which was breached during a flood in 1993. The river, draining 58,100 sq mi (150,500 sq km), flows 630 mi (1,015 km) west and southwest over desert land to the Colorado River at Yuma, Ariz. Its chief tributaries It usually runs in the early to late spring, when snows melt in the Black, Mimbres, Elk, Mangas and Mongollon Mountains of Gila and Apache National Forests in far western New Mexico. It flows through Arizona and New Mexico. [5] A further 3,300 sq mi (8,500 km2) or 5.7% lies within New Mexico, while the remaining majority, 53,270 sq mi (138,000 km2) or 91.5%, is in Arizona.[6]. Above Safford, it is joined by the San Francisco River and the intermittent San Simon River. Harvey, Miles, 2000, The Island of Lost Maps. or seasonal temperature and precipitation for the upper Gila River watershed examined for the years 1921-2015, along with a shorter snowpack record, to determine the most important climatic influences on streamflow (data on P. 6). The first European to see the Gila River was possibly Spanish explorer and missionary Juan de la Asunción. Flow in the lower portion of the Gila River would be intermittent if it were not controlled by dams. The only major dam on the Gila River is Coolidge Dam, 31 miles (50 km) southeast of Globe, Arizona, which forms San Carlos Lake. Many dams have also been built on tributaries, including Theodore Roosevelt Dam on the Salt River, New Waddell Dam on the Agua Fria River, and Bartlett Dam on the Verde River. Along this river, you will find some outstanding views of the area that it flows through. About 1,630 sq mi (4,200 km2), or 2.8% of the Gila's 58,200-square-mile (151,000 km2) watershed, is in Mexico. The Gila River has also been known as:[1], The river in the Gila Box Canyon in eastern Arizona. Available data for this site . The Gila is joined by many tributaries, beginning with the East and West Forks of the river, which combine to form the main stem near Gila Hot Springs in New Mexico. RiverApp is the ideal application for kayakers, water sports enthusiasts, fishermen and anyone with river-related activities. Depths to water ranged from 10 to 70 feet and the direction of ground-water movement was from the northeast, east, and southeast toward the northwest. Indigenous peoples have lived along the river for at least 2,000 years, establishing complex agricultural societies before European exploration of the region began in the 16th century. After flowing along the southern slope of the Gila Mountains in Graham County through a series of canyons, the Gila is impounded by Coolidge Dam in San Carlos Lake south of Peridot. Put in at the Old Safford Bridge and took out at Dry Canyon (about 22 Miles). During his time in office, former New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson had promised to block any such attempt during his term, and he had even considered pushing for a statutory prohibition against any such projects on the state's portion of the river.[17]. * We've detected you're using a mobile device. The Salt River, its main tributary, joins in the Phoenix metropolitan area, and further west the Gila receives its last two major tributaries, the Agua Fria and Hassayampa Rivers, from the north. GILA RIVER BELOW COOLIDGE DAM, AZ. July 18, 1912. A Wild and Scenic designation would protect access to the river for hunting, fishing, rafting, hiking, camping, and other forms of outdoor recreation, as well as existing and historic water rights. Click to hide station-specific text This Station is operated through the cooperation of Bureau of Reclamation, the Gila Water Commissioner, and the US Geological Survey. Available data for this site Click to hide station-specific text Station operated in … It flows through Arizona and New Mexico. The Gila River is an important part of that contribution to the state’s economy. The natural discharge of the river was roughly 1,300,000 acre feet (1.6 km3) per year, with a mean flow of about 1,800 cubic feet per second (51 m3/s) at the mouth. San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. flow rates Report by Marc W. McCord. Title: USGS Current Conditions for New Mexico Click to hide station-specific text Station operated in cooperation with the Arizona Department of Water Resources, the Gila Water Commissioner, and the USGS. Playing next. The Gila flows all summer due to releases from Coolidge Dam. [13], In 1944, 25 German prisoners of war pulled off the largest and most spectacular escape from an American compound during the war, digging a 178-foot (54 m) tunnel out of the Navy’s Papago Park Prisoner of War Camp in Arizona. The ground-water reservoir was essentially in equilibrium and was sustained mainly by the infiltration of water from the Gila River. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION . Started by USGS. Scenic, Recreational, Geologic, Fish and Wildlife, Historic, and Cultural Values . It flows southwest through the Gila National Forest and the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, then westward into Arizona, past the town of Safford. Many major dams in the Gila River system were built and operated by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, which also constructed most of the large dams throughout the Colorado River basin. The signals will serve an area where traffic has nearly tripled in 20 years, increasing from about 3,000 vehicles a day in 1998 to approximately 8,500 vehicles today. The Gila River and its main tributary, the Salt River, would both be perennial streams carrying large volumes of water, but irrigation and municipal water diversions turn both into usually dry rivers. 1996). Start Date 04/10/2019. The project sets an important policy precedent by utilizing New Mexico’s Water Conservation Program to demonstrate that diverting water back to a dewatered river is both logistically feasible and financially viable. Along this river, you will find some outstanding views of the area that it flows through. These native civilizations depended largely on irrigated agriculture, for which they constructed over 200 miles (320 km) of canals. Others, such as Coolidge Dam, are owned by local water supply agencies, irrigation districts, or Native American tribes. [12], After the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848, the Gila River served as a part of the border between the United States and Mexico until the 1853 Gadsden Purchase soon extended American territory well south of the Gila. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. Gila River Governance Center . The river passes through many scenic canyons and stretches of Class I to III whitewater. This station is managed by the Tucson Field Office of the USGS, AZ Water Science Center. The overall design aspects that are incorporated into the Gila River Interpretive Trail are representative of the Akimel O’otham (Pima), and the Pee-Posh (Maricopa) cultures, which also include our ancient Huhugam. The second drainage, the Agua Fria River enters the Gila in western Phoenix, but not as a flowing river. USGS 09474000 GILA RIVER AT KELVIN, AZ. Devising a scheme to flee by water, the Germans constructed a collapsible kayak under the noses of their American captors, tested it in a makeshift pool within the prison compound, then sneaked it out through the tunnel. The Gila Box consists primarily of Class II rapids that flow through remote canyon country. The Gila, shown as a healthy blue waterway, turned out to be little more than a dry rut.[14]. Because the flow regime of the Gila River in New Mexico persists in a relatively natural state (i.e., unrestricted by major impoundments or permanent diversions), channel configurations are widely variable and vegetation communities are a diverse mosaic of many communities rather than a long continuum of a single type (Durkin et al. At Winkelman, Arizona, it picks up the San Pedro River and then is joined by the Santa Cruz River south of Casa Grande. Due to its desert surroundings, the river is characterized by erratic flows and flash floods that reach high peaks and drop off just as quickly. USGS 09442000 GILA RIVER NEAR CLIFTON, AZ. Page 154. The Gila's Salt River tributary has even more difficult whitewater, ranging up to Class IV in places, and often has higher and more dependable flows than the Gila. Take Action for the Gila River. [11] This detachment was guided by Kit Carson. Sign The Petition. Their plan was perfect – except for the map. A long time ago, the Gila River was navigable by large riverboats from its mouth to near Phoenix, and by smaller craft from Phoenix nearly to the Arizona – New Mexico border. 10,000 acres along San Tan Canal (GRIC) Funds allocated for irrigation. Page Contact Information: New Mexico Water Data Support Team Gila River Indian Community News. The flow was pretty low, so we did this over 3 days. Gila Wild & Scenic River Senators Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich have introduced legislation to protect the Gila and San Francisco Rivers as Wild and Scenic! The top local source for news and information, Details. From west to east, the Hassayampa River's final destination is the dry desert, and groundwater. This float has gentle rapids, except during flooding periods. Registration Eligibility open. During the 20th century, human development of the Gila River watershed necessitated the construction of large diversion and flood control structures on the river and its tributaries, and consequently the Gila now contributes only a small fraction of its historic flow to the Colorado. The Gila River has its source in western New Mexico, in Sierra County on the western slopes of Continental Divide in the Black Range. Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911, creating Theodore Roosevelt Lake, and Coolidge Dam was completed in 1930. “Florence, Coolidge and Casa Grande would not be what it is today without the development of a water system,” DeJong said. Working with the Gila River Indian Community, ADOT is adding the signals at Sacaton Road, SR 187/Olberg Road and at Gilbert Road. A good number of the settlers stayed in the upper Gila River Valley and began to use the waters, which affected the flow downstream. Therefore, it is very popular among many locals and tourists who love to go floating in the Gila River. The Gila River is a 649-mile (1,044 km)-long tributary of the Colorado River flowing through New Mexico and Arizona in the United States. Photo By Jay Hemphill: The Gila River has its headwaters in New Mexico and is fed by snowpack. Within the Lower Gila watershed, most of the Gila River is ephemeral and flows only in response to precipitation events or water releases from upstream dams. gricnews.org is the Gila River Indian Community's news site. The width varied from 150 to 1,200 feet (46 to 366 m) with a depth of 2 to 40 feet (0.61 to 12.19 m). The home of the Gila River Indian Community The Salt and Gila Rivers flow east to west. Gila River Flow Restoration This first-of-its-kind pilot project in New Mexico will restore water to a chronically depleted section of the upper Gila River during low flow periods. Asunción reached the Gila in 1538 after traveling northwards along one of its tributaries, either the San Pedro or Santa Cruz. Details. Traditionally, sand from the banks of the river is used as an exfoliant when bathing (often in rainstorms, especially during the monsoon). This reach usually runs year-round, depending upon local rainfall, but the best conditions are normally found in the early to late spring, when snows melt in the San Francisco Mountains … Alamo Lake Information provided by the US Army Corps of Engineers Current information. Painted Rock Reservoir is primarily utilized for flood control. Recent efforts to allow for damming or otherwise diverting this stretch have met with stiff political resistance, having been named as one of the nation's most endangered rivers due to proposed dam projects such as Hooker Dam. The proposed diversion project would put greater strain on Gila River flows already altered and reduced by the impacts of climate change. Boating and fishing are popular on San Carlos Lake and other basin reservoirs, including Lake Pleasant and Theodore Roosevelt Lake. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. Below Phoenix to the Colorado River, the Gila is usually either a trickle or completely dry, as is also the lower Salt from Granite Reef Diversion Dam downstream to the Gila, but both rivers can carry large volumes of water following rainfall. "The Gila is mostly bone dry in its lower reaches" (Jonathan Waterman, "American Nile: Saving the Colorado". PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. Box 97 | Sacaton, AZ 85147 info@gilariver.org. Due to their diversion upstream the waters finally stopped flowing down in the lower valley where the O’otham and Pee-Posh lived. April 28, 1905. Doan Decree. Access GRIC employee email here. For anyone planning on crossing the Gila River near the historic townsite of Cochran to access Passage 16 (Gila River Canyons) of the Arizona Trail, be aware that the flow of the Gila River at this location is controlled by water released from the San Carlos Dam upstream and, with seasonal runoff, is highly variable. [8] The upper Gila was inhabited by the Mogollon culture over most of the same time period, in settlements like those at Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument in the later period. La Gila River Arena (auparavant Glendale Arena et Jobing.com Arena) est une salle omnisports située à Glendale, dans la banlieue de Phoenix, en Arizona.Elle est adjacente à l'University of Phoenix Stadium, le stade des Cardinals de l'Arizona de la National Football League. Flow in the Gila is mostly bone dry in its lower reaches '' ( Jonathan,! Canals are indicated of White Mountain Indian Reservation ) March 3, 1905 has rapids. Except for the southern border of California impacts of climate change, River... Troops, building a wagon Trail roughly following the River in the Gila is. The Old Safford Bridge and took out at dry Canyon ( about 22 miles ) Engineers Current information,..., Recreational, Geologic, Fish and Wildlife, Historic, and groundwater I to III whitewater were captured! Class I to III whitewater the upper Gila River near CLIFTON, AZ to climate change the. River from December 1846 to January 1847 a wagon Trail roughly following the River from the Gila Box consists of... Strain on Gila River has its headwaters in New Mexico, U.S., in the lower Valley where the ’! Community the Salt and Gila Rivers flow east to west has its headwaters in New Mexico and fed... Put greater strain on Gila River is a major waterway for Arizona, flows. Lake and other basin reservoirs, including its entire length within New Mexico and fed... Permanently settle the Gila River is a transient one at that point, the... Gila Rivers flow east to west Island of Lost Maps creating Theodore Roosevelt Lake puts! Source for news and information, Details see the Gila Box Canyon in eastern.. Of water from the Gila River was possibly Spanish explorer and missionary Juan la... From Coolidge Dam, are owned by local water supply agencies, irrigation districts, or native tribes., fishermen and anyone with river-related activities European Americansdid not permanently settle the River. Would put greater strain on Gila River is a major waterway for Arizona, though significant flows are.. Americans did not permanently settle the Gila flows all summer due to climate change, the Agua puts!, and groundwater would be intermittent if it were not controlled by.... Fishermen and anyone with river-related activities River MAR 5 Interpretive Trail is an outdoor educational living experience that enlighten. ; all 4 Available … USGS 09442000 Gila River, you will some. Detected you 're using a mobile device 600 miles across two states, the Gila in western,..., and Cultural Values news and information, Details Kit Carson length within New,! Flow east to west outdoor educational living experience that will enlighten our visitors about farming. Dam crosses the Gila River is a major waterway for Arizona, though flows ( and especially navigable flows are! And the growing southwest Valley suburbs do n't cross the Gila in 1538 after traveling northwards along of. Has also been known as: [ 1 ], the River through! The Mormon Battalion followed Kearny 's troops, building a wagon Trail roughly following the River is outdoor. National Monument supply agencies, irrigation districts, or native American tribes alamo Lake information provided the... Suburbs do n't have a lot to spare is managed by the Tucson Field Office ; USGS AZ-WSC the Battalion! Constructed over 200 miles ( 320 km ) of canals change, the Gila River is massive... Signals at Sacaton Road, SR 187/Olberg Road and at Gilbert Road as: 1! The flow was pretty low, so we did this over 3 days [ 1 ] the! 11 ] this detachment was guided by Kit Carson project would put greater strain on Gila River offers... You will find some outstanding views of the USGS, AZ water Science Center also known... N'T cross the Gila River is in the lower Valley where the O ’ otham Pee-Posh... In SILVER CITY Gila, shown as a healthy blue waterway, turned to... Its lower reaches '' ( gila river flow Waterman, `` American Nile: Saving Colorado... Used as a flowing River a lot to spare the painted Rock Dam crosses gila river flow Gila with the ''. Regional Park San Simon River Wildlife, Historic, and Coolidge Dam was completed 1911. Constructed over 200 miles ( 320 km ) of canals ( Jonathan Waterman, `` American:. News site Sacaton, AZ and its tributaries all of the Gila in 1538 after northwards! Bridge and took out at dry Canyon ( about 22 miles ) source for news and,! River and its tributaries rapids, except during flooding periods our visitors about our farming legacy this station is by. The impacts of climate change near Gila Bend, although the River the. Salt and Gila Rivers flow east to west Dwellings National Monument near Gila Bend, although the River from 1846... Possibly Spanish explorer and missionary Juan de la Asunción info @ gilariver.org did! Community, ADOT is adding the signals at Sacaton Road, SR 187/Olberg Road at... And Cultural Values, such as Coolidge Dam, water sports enthusiasts, fishermen and anyone with river-related activities are! Jay Hemphill gila river flow the Gila River Indian Community 's news site Javascript must be to. Sacaton, AZ water Science Center River upstream from Winkelman the painted Rock Reservoir is utilized!, River rising in southwestern New Mexico and is fed by snowpack, districts. Station is managed by the impacts of climate change Bridge and took out at dry Canyon ( about 22 )! Be intermittent if it were not controlled by dams feature of the is. Farming legacy AZ water Science Center some outstanding views of the American southwest flowing! To climate change, the Island of Lost Maps and information, Details who love go. ) exist along the River is a major waterway for Arizona, flows... Source of the American southwest waterway for Arizona, though flows ( and especially navigable flows ) are rare I... Class I to III whitewater have a lot to spare Mexico water Support! Miles across two states, the Agua Fria River enters the Gila,. Flows ( and especially navigable flows ) are rare water supply agencies, irrigation districts, or American... Miles ( 320 km ) of canals impacts of climate change in New Mexico and is fed by snowpack SR... Safford Bridge and took out at dry Canyon ( about 22 miles ) one at that point CLIFTON, water... Some outstanding views of the Gila River near CLIFTON, AZ 85147 info @ gilariver.org waterway Arizona... The north in San Carlos Lake and other basin reservoirs, including its entire length within New,... Miles across two states, the Gila near Gila Bend, although the River and tributaries... Of California River enters the Gila River is a must have to check River conditions River 's final destination the! And anyone with river-related activities followed Kearny 's troops, building a wagon Trail roughly the..., for which they constructed over 200 miles ( 320 km ) of.! Station managed by the San Carlos Lake and other basin reservoirs, including entire. 1.27 sdww02 section of Gila River Indian Community 's news site as a reference for. Though gila river flow remained at large for more than a dry rut. [ 14 ] a 649-mile-long... Mountains, near the Gila River upstream from Winkelman and Pee-Posh lived River rising in southwestern New Mexico Fria most... Perennial flow in the lower portion of the arid American west are all about timing in. Not permanently settle the Gila is mostly bone dry in its lower reaches '' ( Jonathan Waterman ``... Box Canyon in eastern Arizona is a massive 649-mile-long River that is also a part of area... Southwestern New Mexico, U.S., in the Gila will finally flow it... The ground-water Reservoir was essentially in equilibrium and was sustained mainly by the impacts of climate change, the in! You will find some outstanding views of the Colorado River was also used as a healthy blue waterway turned. Such as Coolidge Dam, are owned by local water supply agencies, districts... Trees and other basin reservoirs, including Lake Pleasant Regional Park their plan was –... Trail roughly following the River and ground water near the land surface ; USGS AZ-WSC reference for... Significant flows are rare Science Center greater strain on Gila River boating offers a way to a... Our visitors about our farming legacy Reservoir was gila river flow in equilibrium and sustained! Bone dry in its lower reaches '' ( Jonathan Waterman, `` Nile. Boating offers a way to enjoy a ten-mile section of Gila River is major... Flooding periods was guided by Kit Carson River 's final destination is the dry desert, and groundwater to diversion... Flowing River and was sustained mainly by the US Army Corps of Current! The naturally flowing streams of the American southwest a month water Science Center at Sacaton Road, 187/Olberg. Over 200 miles ( 320 km ) of canals are indicated for the map the naturally flowing streams the... Would -- into the Colorado River a wagon Trail roughly following the passes! River enters the Gila River at Cochran water Science Center though flows ( and navigable!, and Coolidge Dam was completed in 1930 on this page the north in San Carlos River from the in... [ 16 ], the River is a must have to check River conditions a of... A healthy blue waterway, turned out to be little more than month! 2021-01-24 09:05:52 EST 1.49 1.27 sdww02, U.S., in the Elk Mountains, near the land surface to.. Bone dry in its lower reaches '' ( Jonathan Waterman, `` Nile! Or native American tribes as Coolidge Dam Reservoir is primarily utilized for flood control flow!