With the surrender of Singapore at least 80,000 Allied troops were captured, including nearly 15,000 Australians. Amazon Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" £38.18 . General Percival has, with some justification, been made the scapegoat of the Singapore disaster - certainly by the Australians. After his promotion to colonel (1936) he was put on 'general staff'. The Battle of Singapore was fought January 31 to February 15, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945) between the British and Japanese armies. SCAPEGOAT: General Percival of Singapore (Brasseys Biographies) Hardcover – 31 Dec. 1996 by Clifford Kinvig (Author) › Visit Amazon's Clifford Kinvig Page. Percival's reluctance was purely due to his belief that "Defences are bad for morale – for both troops and civilians". With the assistance of his mentor, General Sir John Dill, Percival was given command of a battalion of the Cheshire Regiment from 1932 to 1936, becoming a full colonel in 1936. The British army of 85,000 men was led by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival, while the Japanese regiment of 36,000 men was headed by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita. Percival, Commanding chief of the last garrison of Singapore is on his way to sign the deed of its surrender in 1942 Christine read it to Ruth. The first Japanese troops landed in Singapore via the northwestern coastline on 8 February 1942. Percival, to surrender. Nov 26, 2012 Trinity rated it liked it. On 15 February 1942, which was the first day of the Lunar New Year, Lieutenant General Arthur E. Percival, who was then the General Officer Commanding (Malaya), signed the surrender documents before Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, Commander of . Percival surrendered in a futile attempt to prevent further loss of life. search results for this author. Singapore falls to the Japanese 15 th Feb 1942. World War II - World War II - The fall of Singapore: Meanwhile, on February 8 and 9, three Japanese divisions had landed on Singapore Island; and on February 15 they forced the 90,000-strong British, Australian, and Indian garrison there, under Lieutenant General A.E. He wrote a book on the Singapore campaign in 1949 and died in 1966. And a limited number of copies were published by Eyre& Spottiswood. Every year on 15 February, a siren rings out loud across the little red dot, a reminder of Singapore’s fall to the Japanese in 1942. As a prelude to my story about why Tom Barry failed to shoot Major Percival, I must point out that Barry was much fatter than he appears in photos - and not very fit, as we shall see. Singapore could have had the best commander in the world but it would have fallen inevitably. Lieut-General A.E. The Battle of Singapore was fought from 8 to 15 February 1942 between Allied (mainly British Commonwealth) and Japanese forces. Many of them would die in captivity. Archived. After the fall of Singapore: Horror and, today, peace On the morning of Feb 15, 1942, the British raised the white flag of surrender. The signal also marks Total Defence Day, and serves as a sobering reminder that Singaporeans are responsible for the defence of Singapore. November 2020 Allgemein Allgemein Back to Previous Page. Finally, after Japanese troops landed on Singapore island and closed in on the city, Percival … Hard fighting continued but on 15 February General Percival, the British commander in Singapore , called for a ceasefire and made the difficult decision to surrender. He and General Wainwright (who surrendered to the Japanese at Corregidor) stood directly behind MacArthur at the signing. He signed the surrender document that evening at the Ford Factory on Bukit Timah Road . See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. The Fall Of Singapore Happened On 15 Feb 1942. Clifford Kinvig (Author) 4.0 out of 5 stars 2 ratings. He and General Wainwright (who surrendered to the Japanese at Corregidor) stood directly behind MacArthur at the signing. According to a cached Google link which never works when I try to post it, Percival retired with pay the following year and held a number of honorary commands. The Fall of Singapore was the climax to the Malayan campaign in the Far-East which lasted from the 8th December 1941 – 31 January 1942. On his return to England after the war, General Percival was requested to provide a report on the war in Malaya and Singapore, Most of his report was published in Hansard. Shelves: singapore. After Singapore fell, a tally of Allied losses revealed 5,000 killed and wounded or missing. Perhaps that was his main failing: fighting a mobile battle of the Second World War with the trench-bound mentality of the First. Nothing would have changed at all. 27. On February 15, Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, the British commander in Singapore, called for a ceasefire and decided to surrender. Some folks defended Percival and I have done some research into him and his Command. On the Japanese side - more than 10,000 were killed in Malaya and Singapore, and more than 25,000 were wounded or missing. This figure alone is more than the number quoted by Churchill! Lieutenant General Sir Lewis Heath's Indian III Corps was assigned to cover the northeastern part of the island while the southern areas were defended by a mixed force of local troops led by Major General Frank K. Simmons (Map). In 1948 he was induced to have the bulk of his report published. see review. Some historians view the loss of Singapore, where 136,000 men surrendered to the Japanese, as one of… To defend Singapore, Percival deployed three brigades of Major General Gordon Bennett's 8th Australian division to hold the western part of the island. In the evening of Feb 15, 1942, Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival signed the unconditional surrender of Singapore after one week of intense fighting. Less than five months after the fall of Singapore, he was posted to remote northern Manchuria as commander of the First Area Army by General Hideki Tojo, the then Prime Minister and Minister of the Army. According to a cached Google link which never works when I try to post it, Percival retired with pay the following year and held a number of honorary commands. That is because Singapore did not fall on 15 February 1942, nor even the 8th when Singapore was invaded. Percival is far right Just seven days later, on 15th February 1942 Singapore fell to the savagery and tenacity of the Japanese army. He even had to be overruled by Wavell after he took over Far East Command late into the Malayan Campaign to commit reserves in Singapore to the front despite Percival's continued fears of a direct landing in Singapore. Close. Three of the four divisions of the Second AIF raised in 1939-40, after all, were deployed not to Malaya and Singapore but to the Middle East. After studying at the Royal Naval College in 1930, he became an instructor at the Staff College in 1931-1932. The Fall of Singapore represented the collapse of British influence in South East Asia, and severely diminished the British Empire’s Asia-Pacific clout. In fact although General Percival went into captivity with his men and cannot be considered anything but a failure in battle, General Cunningham had been extremely successful before his sacking, and General Ritchie became even more successful after his sacking. It was Percival who had to sign the surrender document to General Yamashita after Singapore surrendered in February 1942. After the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor and their subsequent expansion the British believed that Singapore would be next, but the military located in Singapore assured them that there is no reason for alarm and that they could handle any Japanese attack. He wrote a book on the Singapore campaign in 1949 and died in 1966. When Lieut.-General Arthur Percival, the GOC of British forces in Malaya, ordered his troops to lay down their arms and cease resistance at 8.30 p.m. on 15 February 1942, the Pacific War was just ten weeks old. I found a rough copy in Singapore in 1973. The Japanese advanced rapidly, and Percival was forced to order a general retreat. Yet the man was not a coward, and had won the MC and DSO in the battlefields of France in the First World War. Effectively, Tojo demoted Yamashita whom he perceived as a threat, Yamashita belonging to a different military faction to his own. what happened to percival. 2. 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