2015; 49(5):290 (ISSN: 1473-0480) McKeon PO; Hertel J; Bramble D; Davis I. In this paper, we propose a novel paradigm for understanding the function of the foot. While foot orthotics are used as a form of passive support, physical therapy is commonly used as a form of active support by improving muscular strength, flexibility and endurance, and to recover from various injuries. Dysfunction of these may lead to an increased demand on the remaining components within the foot core system to maintain dynamic foot control, leading to a more rapid breakdown of these contributors and those proximal to the foot. Functional anatomy and imaging of the foot. Sichting F, Holowka NB, Hansen OB, Lieberman DE. Passive Subsystem Passive Subsystem Bones, ligaments, and joint capsule Maintain arches of the foot Medial and lateral longitudinal & anterior and posterior transverse You It has varied functi… We begin with an overview of the evolution of the human foot with a focus on the development of the arch. The muscles in the lower limb, also known as ‘global mover’ muscles, are responsible movements of the foot in all directions. How to Choose the Right Footwear for Your Feet. The foot is very complex and is made up of many bones, joints, ligaments and muscles. From heel pain to back pain, we have your info. (Source: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/49/5/290). Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. The Foot Core Kallie Hannon AT, ATC, CSCS and Cale Chaltron AT, ATC What is the Foot Core System? Whatever your sport, activity or experience level, the FREO Foot Core System is uniquely designed equipment to help build foot and core strength, balance, muscle memory and more. Single-leg standing increases activity in three plantar intrinsic foot muscles, namely Abductor Hallucis (AbH), Flexor Digitorum Brevis (FDB) and Quadratus Plantae (QP) The foot is a complex structure with many articulations and multiple degrees of freedom that play an important role in static posture and dynamic activities. The Foot Core System One of many nice things about human movement research is that you get to work with some truly brilliant people, like Dr. Patrick McKeon who published an article, “ The foot core system: a new paradigm for understanding intrinsic foot muscle function,” in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. The interaction of these subsystems is very similar to the lumbopelvic core system. Finally, we call for an increased awareness of the importance of the foot core stability to normal foot and lower extremity function. It’s a reasonable concern, but depending on the reason for the orthotics this may or may not be true. The Again, like the lumbo-pelvic core, the local stabilizers of the foot have small lever arms and serve to stabilize the arch system. The numbers correspond to the muscles as follows: (1) abductor hallucis, (2) flexor digitorum brevis, (3) abductor digiti minimi, (4) quadratus plantae (note its insertion into the flexor digitorum tendon), (5) lumbricals (note their origin from the flexor digitorum longus tendon), (6) flexor digiti minimi, (7) adductor hallucis oblique (a) and transverse (b) heads, (8) flexor hallucis brevis, (9) plantar interossei, (10) dorsal interossei and (11) extensor digitorum brevis. Br J Sports Med. There are three systems of the foot. The “foot core system” paradigm considers intrinsic foot musculature as “local stabilizers” and extrinsic foot muscles as “global movers” . So, the bottom of the foot has four distinct layers of muscles, all with important functions. Your Golden Arches. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. The Foot Core System: Understanding the Function of Your Fabulous Feet The Foot’s Complex Design. Overview of attention for article published in British Journal of Sports Medicine, March 2014 ... introducing the concept of the foot core.