Our Common Future placed environmental issues firmly on the political agenda; it aimed to discuss the … Sustainable development is now held to be an essential condition for securing stable, enduring, real and sustainable world peace, security and development. "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.3.1 is the "Proportion of land that is degraded over the total land area". What are the main principles of sustainable development The basic principles of sustainable development make it possible to harmonise the various sectoral and development strategies with the horizontal strategy on sustainable development (hereinafter: Strategy) and they also provide a general type of guidance for determining the Strategy’s priorities, more … Sustainable Development Goals in India. [citation needed], The 15th of 17 Sustainable Development Goals to protect life on land, Target 15.1: Conserve and restore terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, Target 15.2: End deforestation and restore degraded forests, Target 15.3: End desertification and restore degraded land, Target 15.4: Ensure conservation of mountain ecosystems, Target 15.5: Protect biodiversity and natural habitats, Target 15.6: Protect access to genetic resources and fair sharing of the benefits, Target 15.7: Eliminate poaching and trafficking of protected species, Target 15.8: Prevent invasive alien species on land and in water ecosystems, Target 15.9: Integrate ecosystem and biodiversity in governmental planning, Target 15.a: Increase financial resources to conserve and sustainably use ecosystem and biodiversity, Target 15.b: Finance and incentivize sustainable forest management, Target 15.c: Combat global poaching and trafficking. Child development, between birth and the end of adolescence; Development, an academic journal in developmental biology; Developmental biology, the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop; Developmental psychology, the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life; Drug development, … The concept of sustainability relies on sustainable development. This indicator is used to track countries’ participation in protocols related to the promotion and sharing of genetic resources for plants, food and agriculture. [1] The Goal has 12 targets to be achieved by 2030. How can … "Aichi Biodiversity Target 2" addresses the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society. It was found that "about half the parties had made progress towards their targets, but not at a rate that will allow them to meet their goals". Green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers to both a structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from planning to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. [7], The full title of Target 15.8 is: "By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species. "[7], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.c.1 is the "Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked". The trees can be either be productive or non-productive and should not include fruit plantations and agroforestry systems and trees in urban parks and gardens. Forests cover 30 percent of the Earth's surface, provide vital habitats for millions of species, and important sources for clean air and water, as well as being crucial for combating climate change. This goal aims at securing sustainable livelihoods that will be enjoyed for generations to come. Four of them are to be achieved by the year 2020, two by the year 2030 and the rest have no target year. The term sustainable development is a well-used one and is probably familiar to many within and beyond academia, certainly in the more developed parts of the world. This requires close cooperation of the contractor, … An Examination of the Development Path Taken by Small Island Developing States (PDF). Progress toward the … How can we prevent or reverse desertification? WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? Biodiversity and land degradation have strong, mainly synergistic links with SDG 6 (water), SDG 12 (consumption), SDG 13 (climate), SDG 2 (food security), SDG 1 (poverty), SDG 11 (cities) and SDG 7 (energy). One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". [21] COVID-19 is a proof that degraded habitats will continue to lead to more animal-human interactions, diversification of diseases, evolutionary processes because parasites spread easily from livestock to human beings. This September, countries will gather at the UN to adopt 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development. They also contribute to climate change mitigation and conservation of biodiversity. An Introduction to Sustainable Development To begin with we’ll use the most widely quoted definition of Sustainable Development from the 1987 Brundtland Report. This is why the Sustainable Development agenda compliments and extend other agreements. As of 2020, there are  now 146 contracting parties to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, and  56  countries have  provided information  about their access and benefit-sharing measures. They provide qualification to the management of forest areas and assess areas with a set on national and international standards. HC79.E5 R63134 2008. United Nations, Geneva" (PDF)", "COVID-19: Four Sustainable Development Goals that help future-proof global recovery", "The sustainable development report 2020", "UN questions related to SDG 15 (Life on land)", (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (12) Responsible Consumption and Production, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, List of Sustainable Development Goal targets and indicators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sustainable_Development_Goal_15&oldid=1001361821, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss", Indicator 15.1.1: Forest area as a proportion of the total land area, Indicator 15.1.2: Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by. An Introduction to Sustainable Development is a 2007 Earthscan book which presents sustainable development as a process that "meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods, 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture for a living, 80% of forests are home to more than 80 percent of all species of animals, plants and insects. SDG 3 and SDG 6 have a high level of synergy with SDG 15. • Ahmed, Faiz (2008). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2012. Sustainable development is a way for people to use resources without the resources running out. Sustainable cities, urban sustainability, or eco-city (also "ecocity") is a city designed with consideration for social, economic, environmental impact (commonly referred to as the triple bottom line), and resilient habitat for existing populations, without compromising the ability of future generations to experience the same.The UN Sustainable Development Goal 11 defines sustainable … It is a term that we come across in arenas ranging from door-step recycling initiatives to media explanations of global security … UNDP was one of the main UN agencies involved in the development … “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." An Introduction to Sustainable Development To begin with we’ll use the most widely quoted definition of Sustainable Development from the 1987 Brundtland Report. Sustainable development (L 01) 1. "[1], This target has one indicator: Indicator 15.6.1 is the "Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits".[7]. As a graduate of this programme, you will be able to contribute to innovative environmental solutions and help build a sustainable society. What is Sustainable Development? [6] It aims to find a balance between the increasing demands for forest products and the benefits as well as preserving the health and diversity of the forests. [3], The full title of Target 15.2 is: "By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. The climate translation project is a Wikipedia article translation project by the Wikimedians for Sustainable Development, a Wikimedia user group, and Climate Cardinals, a climate activist group. Institutions can by official agencies, state and local governments. The period between the 1990s and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 (Biermann, 2012;Sachs, 2012) reflected changing perceptions and was described by … "[1], Indicator is 15.9.1 is the "Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020".[7]. [22] It is evident from the pandemic that wildlife trafficking is a great contributor to ecosystems disruptions and spread of infections.[23]. From 2000 to 2020, forest area decreased in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and South-Eastern Asia, driven by land conversion to agriculture. "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator is 15.8.1 is the "Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species".[7]. [17] Forests present essential ecosystem services like timber, food, fuel as well as soil and water conservation and clean air. A report in 2018 stated that "biodiversity must be mainstreamed across these sectors and spatial planning integrated accordingly. [7], The official development assistance (ODA) is defined by "the flows to countries and territories on the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) list of ODA recipients and to multilateral institutions". So what exactly is sustainable development? The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. SDG 15l articulates targets for preserving biodiversity of forest, desert, and mountain eco-systems, as a percentage of total land mass. "[1], The Mountain Green Cover Index measured the percentage of mountain environments covered by green areas and the capacity of those areas to fulfil their ecosystem roles.[6]. Sustainable development can be explained in various ways, but the most widely recognised definition was phrased by the Brundtland Commission in 1987: Introduction. [3] According to the expert group meeting in preparation for the High-level Political Forum of 2018, progress on SDG 15 is related to actions rather than status. An Introduction to Sustainable Development is a 2007 Earthscan book which presents sustainable development as a process that "meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". [3] The Red List Index is declining, from 0.82 in 1990 to 0.75 in 2015 to 0.73 in 2020.[3]. Sustainable Development Introduction. ESD aims to empower and equip current and future generations to meet their needs using a balanced and integrated approach to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". LECTURE:01 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN INTRODUCTION M. A. Kamal, Ph.D Director General National Academy for Planning and Development The full title of Target 15.6 is: "Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed. They are:[20], An annual report is prepared by the Secretary-General of the United Nations evaluating the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainable development is about what we have done, but it’s also about what we can do as individuals, as communities, and as nations to change the path of human development. • Constraints. The report sought to recapture the spirit of the Stockholm Conference which had introduced environmental concerns to the formal political development sphere. "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator 15.a.1 is the "Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems". The UN has defined 12 Targets and 14 Indicators for SDG 15. It means doing development without damaging or affecting the environment. Introduction to Sustainable Development Page 10 Foreword from Prof. Nicolas Moussiopoulos Humanity in the 21st century is facing various environmental, social and economic problems. Wildlife poaching and trafficking threaten biodiversity and ecosystems as well as local livelihoods, wellbeing and security. Sustainable development was seen as comprising three components: economic development, social development and environmental protection. Forests cover roughly 4 billion hectares or 30.7 per cent of the world's land area. It is one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015, the official wording is: "Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all." The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". This two-year Master’s programme educates the scientists of the future. This textbook examines the environmental, economic, and social dimensions of sustainable development by exploring changing patterns of consumption, production, and distribution of resources. It also needs more indicators in areas such as forest intactness, management effectiveness of protected areas, and meaningful integration of biodiversity into other processes.[13]. [2] Protected areas are defined by three indicators: 1) the proportion of total terrestrial area classified as protected 2) the proportion of important sites of terrestrial biodiversity who are protected 3) and proportion of important sites of freshwater biodiversity that are protected. The full title of Target 15.5 is: "Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species. An annual report is prepared by the Secretary-General of the United Nations evaluating the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. It is both a way of understanding the world and a method for solving global problems. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform", "15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Sustainable Development Goal 15: Progress and Prospects, Outcome: key messages", "UNCTAD DGFF2016 SDG Goal 15.a - Financial Resources for Conservation", "United Nations strategic plan for forests, 2017-2030", "United Nations (2018) Economic and Social Council, Conference of European Statisticians, Geneva," (PDF). [3], The full title of Target 15.a is: "Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems. Sustainable Development Goal 8 (SDG 8 or Global Goal 8) is about "decent work and economic growth" and is two of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals which were established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. The three "means of achieving targets" include: Increase financial resources to conserve and sustainably use ecosystem and biodiversity; finance and incentivize sustainable forest management; combat global poaching and trafficking. "[1], This target has one Indicator: Indicator 15.2.1 is the "Progress towards sustainable forest management".[7]. This target aims at mobilizing resources at all levels to finance sustainable forest management. The transactions should mainly promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries.[16]. De Duurzame Ontwikkelingsdoelstellingen (SDGs - Sustainable Development Goals) zijn in 2015 door de Verenigde Naties vastgesteld als de nieuwe mondiale duurzame ontwikkelingsagenda voor 2030. From the Millennium Development Goals to the Sustainable Development Goals: Shifts in Purpose, Concept, and Politics of Global Goal Setting for Development. Sustainable development is the practice of managing growth and change in ways that meet the needs of the present without damaging future generations’ ability to develop further. The goal has eight targets to be achieved by at least 2030. "[13] It also tackles the importance of taking care of land degradation and restoring them where possible. Progress towards targets will be measured by 14 indicators. Sustainable Development Goal 6 is about "clean water and sanitation for all". It means doing development without damaging or affecting the environment. It is a contributing factor to disrupting nature's balance and increasing the risk and exposure of people to animal-related diseases. Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising the quality of the environment for future generations. Sustainable Development. [12] The Mountain Green Cover was lowest in Western Asia and Northern Africa (60%) and highest in Oceania (96%). The project aims at translating climate-related Wikipedia articles. The term ‘Sustainable’ stands for sustainability and it represents an approach to development which is concerned with such fundamental human concerns like poverty, … “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Elliott, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. An Introduction to Sustainable Development is a 2007 Earthscan book which presents sustainable development as a process that "meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". The broad goals are interrelated though each has its own targets to achieve. [6], The full title of Target 15.1 is: "By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements."[1]. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) highlights the fact that biodiversity-related ODA may often target multiple objectives at the same time, such as climate change and gender equality. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS AN ANALYTICAL AND NORMATIVE CONCEPT I. 0:50 Skip to 0 minutes and 50 seconds In this course, you’ll learn about sustainable development in terms of decisions we can make today to positively affect the future. It is very important to understand the political relevance of SDG 15 and act accordingly. Sustainable Development: An Introduction Ninika Dhawan & Rumbidzai Faith Masawi Email: ninika.dhawan@gmail.com Rumbidzai.Masawi@teri.res.in Research Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) 23 March 2015 International Centre for Environment Audit and Sustainable Development (iCED) Jaipur [7], The illegal trade and animal trafficking has grown significantly to become one of the world's largest black markets values at tens of billions of dollars. [11], The full title of Target 15.4 is: "By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development. The Sustainable Development Goals are a collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations. Retrieved 19 April 2012. Introduction. FAO is the custodian agency for three of the indicators for SDG targets 15.1, 15.2 and 15.4. CrossRef Google Scholar United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020), International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), International Union for Conservation of Nature (UICN), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD-Secretariat), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals Report of the Secretary-General, "A policy nexus approach to forests and the SDGs: tradeoffs and synergies", "KEEPING AN EYE ON SDG 15: Working with countries to measure indicators for forests and mountains", "15.1.1 Forest area| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "Desertification: 6. Environmental governance advocates sustainability as the supreme consideration in managing all human activities – political, social and economic. The United Nations General Assembly has defined Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) as a dynamic and evolving concept that aims to maintain and enhance the economic, social and environmental values of all types of forests, for the benefit of present and future generations (Resolution A/RES/62/98). The full title of Target 15.c is: "Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities. [8] 93 percent are natural forests and 7 percent are planted. Sustainable Development Goal 15 is about Life on land. 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