Take a moment and think about television commercials. Your friends try to persuade you to join their group for lunch. Define social psychology and understand how it is different from other areas of psychology. In such experiments, researchers are interested in how people can overcome negative attitudes and feel more empathy towards members of other groups. 19 (5). Social psychology researchers are interested in what attitudes people hold, where these attitudes come from, and how they change over time. А. Л. Журавлев, И.А. Psychology differs from other social sciences such as: Sociology, History, or Economics, because psychology specifically deals with the study of an individual. — 264 с. When people received their license, they could tick a box that signed them up for the organ donation program. The book was published by the publishing house of Leningrad State University with a circulation of 3400 copies. Some of the people in the photos were Caucasian, some were African-American, and some were Maasai, a tribe of traditional people from Kenya. None of them is the objective truth. Social psychology looks at a wide range of social matters, including social perception, group behavior, leadership, conformity, aggression, nonverbal behavior, and prejudice. Further evidence can be found by looking at the negative psychological experiences of people who do not feel they belong. They want to understand how emotions, thoughts, and sense of identity play into conflicts, as well as making up afterward. Psychology is a science that can be sub-divided into specialties such as “abnormal psychology” (the study of mental illness) or “developmental psychology” (the study of how people develop across the life span). One group of researchers was curious what servers do to coax diners into giving bigger tips. We struggle to understand why a date failed to show up, whether we can trust the notes of a fellow student, or if our friends are laughing at our jokes because we are funny or if they are just being nice. This would allow you to see if there was evidence supporting your original observation. — 1962. Basically, it’s trying to understand people in a social context, and understanding the reasons why we behave the way we do in social situations. (2011). Instead, each offers clues into better understanding what, psychologically speaking, is happening. apples) and produced laws that made sense of what he observed.The scientific process is no… The researchers found that Maasai tribal people agreed about the faces of strangers—but not about the faces of people they knew! Take the example of a toddler watching her mother make a phone call: the toddler is curious, and is using observational learning to teach herself about this machine called a telephone. A basic tenet of the discipline is that social perception and social interaction must be understood in order to understand behavior. Social psychology is the study of group processes: how we behave in groups, and how we feel and think about one another. Once we know a person, however, it is possible to swap those biological criteria for psychological ones. Although you might delight in jumping on your friend’s back, punching a buddy in the arm, or jumping out and scaring a friend you probably do not engage in these behaviors with the elderly. Social psychology focuses on basic processes, but also on applications. Take, for example, a study by Daniel Batson and his colleagues (1997) on attitudes about people from stigmatized groups. That is, researchers are interested in ways to make the world a better place, so they look for ways to put their discoveries into constructive practice. This mental process allows a person to maintain his or her own high self-esteem while dismissing the bad behavior of others. This feeling raises several interesting questions: Where does the attraction come from? Social psychology shares with its intellectual cousins sociology and political science an interest in attitudes. Characteristics of the Scientific Method The following are the characteristics of scientific method:(1) The scientific method is based on determinism. — 1963, — S. 889-898. You, me, all of us—we spend much of our time thinking about other people. In a study of the most and least happy people, the differentiating factor was not gender, income, or religion; it was having high-quality relationships (Diener & Seligman, 2002). Researchers make hypotheses regarding a specific behavior, such … We spend a huge amount of time thinking about and interacting with other people, and researchers are interested in understanding these thoughts and actions. One example of persuasion can be seen in a very common situation: tipping the serving staff at a restaurant. At the most specific levels of analysis, we might understand that various neurochemical processes are occurring in the toddler’s brain. It would also allow you to begin to sift through all the factors that might influence this phenomenon: What happens when an older man talks to a younger man? She might be confused, interested, or jealous. Most social psychology research topics fall into one (but sometimes more) of each of these areas: A large amount of study in social psychology has focused on the process of attraction. In J. C. Toller (Ed. It studies natural occurrences after observations. Along with the subject, it is necessary to distinguish the field of socio-psychological research, i.e., the entire social structure of society, the entire system of social relations - economic, political, family, national, etc. In a world where religious and political divisions are highly publicized, this type of research might be an important step toward working together. It possesses academic importance in … Among those who influenced Parygin’s worldview are the following names: Gordon Allport, Gustave Le Bon, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, George Plekhanov, Jacob Moreno, Sigmund Freud, Arthur Schopenhauer, Nicolai Hartmann, Georges Gurvitch, Talcott Parsons, Erich Fromm, Paul Baran. — Л.: ЛГУ, 1965. — 208 с. Your favorite team is the All Blacks, from New Zealand. And, yes, advertisers try to persuade you also. The need to belong is also a useful example of the ways the various aspects of psychology fit together. О предмете социальной психологии в работах Г. В. 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