So (= Osorkon IV), pharaoh, r. 730–715, 2 Kings 17:4 only, which calls him “So, king of Egypt” (OROT, pp. Some readers, through no fault of their own, got the first news (which turned out to be mistaken), but not the second news story about its being a forgery. Uzziah (= Azariah), king, r. 788/787–736/735, 2 Kings 14:21, etc., in the inscribed stone seals of two of his royal servants: Abiyaw and Shubnayaw (more commonly called Shebanyaw); WSS, p. 51 no. He is mostly a fictional character created in the Bronze Age. Artaxerxes I Longimanus, king, r. 465-425/424, Ezra 4:6, 7, etc. This date is indicated especially by the Hebrew letter nun (n) and—though the photographs are not completely clear, possibly by the Hebrew letter he’ (h), as well. The clearest obvious example is “the house of Omri,” which was used in Assyrian inscriptions as a conventional way of referring to the northern kingdom of Israel even long after the Omride dynasty was overthrown. 45. Nebuchadnezzar II, king, r. 604–562, 2 Kings 24:1, etc., in many cuneiform tablets, including his own inscriptions. Exodus 6:3 commentary p. 319, Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible, "Gesenius' Lexicon (Tregelles' translation)", "Shad Meaning in Bible - Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon - New American Standard", "Spiritual Action: El Shaddai and the Feminine", "Notes on El Shaddai, The Feminine Expression of God | God's Logic", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=El_Shaddai&oldid=1001237095, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 20:51. Biblical archaeology is a subset of archaeology. 24–33,66; idem, The Palace of King David: Excavations at the Summit of the City of David: Preliminary Report of Seasons 2005-2007 [Jerusalem/New York: Shoham AcademicResearch and Publication, 2009], pp. 243, 244; 1942/43, Vol. This seal was published during the 19th century (in 1883 by Charles Clermont-Ganneau), when no one, neither scholars nor forgers, knew the correct shapes of Hebrew letters for the late seventh to early sixth centuries (the time of Jeremiah). In general, the persons listed in the box at the top of p. 50 of the March/April 2014 issue of BAR exclude persons in two categories. (74). 178‒181, no. also his secondary burial inscription from the Second Temple era (IBP, p. 219 n. 22). 387–395. [6] These have been tentatively identified with the ŝedim (שדים‎) of Deuteronomy 32:17 and Psalm 106:37–38,[7] who are Canaanite deities. Manasseh, king, r. 697/696–642/641, 2 Kings 20:21, etc. But then the “three shekels” ostracon turned out to be a forgery. ed. In view of that possibility, we would then need to distinguish two pairs according to when each pair lived, but the inscription gives no date. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their centre and become popular. It is true that the Tel Dan stele (a memorial or victory inscription on a vertical stone) was written after David lived, as you say, “after the fact,” as indeed, all historical writings are (smile). Because this seal is authentic and is from the kingdom of Judah during the time of Jeremiah, it matches the setting of the Hananiah, the son of Azzur in Jeremiah 28. A BAR article about her signet seal written by M. Korpe, “Fit for a Queen: Jezebel’s Royal Seal” outlines the basis for determining that the artifact belonged to the much-despised queen. The preceding argument is a strengthening step beyond “Corrections,” pp. Because my focus has been on the Hebrew Bible, thus far I have not yet searched for such confirmations in those additional books, though I think there are probably some to be made there. What is more, secular records do show that a man named Mardukâ, a Persian equivalent of Mordecai, served as a court official in Shushan at the time described in the book. 2, p. 163, vol. You would think that this would be the most important personage to be proven. In Exodus 6:3, El Shaddai is identified explicitly with the God of Abraham and with YHWH. Kenneth A. I’m concerned with the reference to “Ahab the Israelite” because other references say that the inscription actually reads “Abahu the Sirilean”. I also appreciate very much your giving the web address of the Smithsonian Institution site that provides good, attractive photographs of the ancient seal discovered at Tell el-Kheleifeh and of a modern impression made from it. http://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200270810, You left off Balaam 1010–970, 1 Samuel 16:13, etc. Just saying…. See David E. Suiter, “Tattenai,” in David Noel Freedman, ed., Anchor Bible Dictionary (New York: Doubleday, 1992), vol. See ANET, p. 307; Rocio Da Riva, “Nebuchadnezzar II’s Prism (EŞ 7834): A New Edition,” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie, vol. By demonstrating how these indicators are used in dating she initiates the reader into the many details of paleography which Dr. Yardeni herself takes into account when she is describing and dating a script or a document. 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