It is the most endangered turtle in the world. The Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions announced that the August 2019 release was the largest wild release so far for the Critically Endangered native reptiles. The Western Swamp Tortoise is listed as critically endangered under both the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), and the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The western swamp tortoise has all the ingredients of a fairy tale. PROCEDURE: A retrospective analysis of the husbandry, hospital and pathology records of the western swamp tortoise captive breeding program at Perth Zoo. And it’s the Houdini of endangered wildlife … These tortoises were feared extinct for more than 100 years, but were rediscovered in 1953. School of Biological Sciences The School of Biological Sciences is advancing our understanding of the Earth’s living organisms and creating sustainable futures through conservation. Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 . Conservation of the Western Swamp Tortoise Janet Durrant, Semester 2, 2013 2. 73 Western Swamp Tortoises aged between two and four were released into protected wetlands. 2. The Western Swamp Tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina) is Australia’s most endangered reptile. 3. What are the key biological attributes of the Western Swamp Tortoise and where is the species found? They are Australia’s smallest tortoise (10-15cm) and inhabit ephemeral swamps. The Western Swamp Tortoise Recovery Team first met in December 1990. Inquiry Questions 1. Hatchlings emerge early the following winter. As its name suggests, the western swamp tortoise lives out west, on the Swan Coastal Plain around Perth (Western Australia). It is listed under the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950, the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the United Nations Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) as a critically endangered … It’s the Goldilocks of tortoises needing water that isn’t too hot but isn’t too cold to survive. Perth’s western swamp tortoises was probably always a rare species, but habitat loss and climate change are presenting new challenges. What factors have led to the Western Swamp Tortoise becoming an endangered species? Western Swamp Tortoises produce only one clutch per year when 3-5 hard-shelled eggs are laid in an underground nest in November or early December. It is also notable as the smallest species belonging to the Australian Chelidae The Western Swamp Tortoise is the most endangered tortoise or turtle species on Earth. Western Swamp Tortoise Pseudemydura umbrina Conservation Status: Critically Endangered Identification The western swamp tortoise Pseudomydura umbrina is Australias rarest reptile, found only in a small number of swamps near Perth in Western Australia. OBJECTIVE: To review the present position of the western swamp tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina) as an endangered species and significant health issues affecting efforts to save it from extinction. Western Swamp Tortoise – The Problem 3. 1. It grew from the very successful Western Swamp Tortoise Captive Breeding Management Committee, which was set up in 1987 and which was a runner-up for the IBM 1990 Conservation Award. It’s the Rip Van Winkle of reptiles in that it seemed to vanish from sight for over 100 years during which time it was thought extinct – but then it was rediscovered. Without this support, the recovery of the Western Swamp Tortoise would not be as advanced as it is. Conservation status . 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