Profile of the Atlantis disguised as the Kasii Maru Launched in 1938 in Bremen. Without them the submarines would have to withdraw. Reply . List of Japanese auxiliary cruiser commerce raiders, Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Raiders During World War 1, Wolf, Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Raiders During World War 1, Möwe, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merchant_raider&oldid=889881160, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Articles lacking sources from February 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 March 2019, at 15:38. The commerce raiders were military ships in the form of light cruisers. One could still make a difference. Sank or captured 10 ships (58 644 GRT) in a 180-day cruise. Sank 5 ships (41 138 GRT), participated in the destruction of 4 others. The successful cruise of converted merchant ship "Pinguin"is described in parallel with the much less successful raiding activities of the heavy cruiser "Hipper". Pages in category "World War II commerce raiders" The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. Generally adapted from passenger liners, they were larger than the German merchant raiders. The cargo was then torpedoed or gunned into oblivion after been warned to evacuate, leaving a chance to the crew. Had 2 Heinkel 114. Italy intended to outfit four refrigerated banana boats as merchant raiders during World War II (Ramb I, Ramb II, Ramb III and Ramb IV). Declared total loss, scrapped in situ afterwards. A German merchant raider emblazoned with … Many of these vessels had originally been refrigerator ships, used to transport fresh food from the tropics. They were armed with six 15cm (5.9 inch) naval guns, some smaller guns, torpedoes, reconnaissance seaplanes and some were equipped for minelaying. Eventually most were sunk or transferred to other duties. The Karlsruhe, the lone ship based in the Caribbean, headed to the mid-Atlantic. Known by British intelligence as “Raider E”. Her cruise in the Pacific lasted 350 days, during which she sank or captured 11 ships, to be eventually tracked down and sunk by the Australian cruiser Sydney (also lost), following a bloody close quarter duel. Using such kind of ship was singular but not anachronistic: Nearly half of the merchant tonnage in 1914 was still assumed by sailing ships. After this operation was canceled, the now renamed Stier was modified into an auxiliary cruiser in April 1941, first at the Wilton shipyard Rotterdam and later a… No radar was provided so she carried Arado 196 for advanced long range recognition, and a single torpedo craft LS3, able to launch two aviation torpedoes. Q1203095 Wikimedia list article. produce their new ships with special requirements, so that in case of war they could easily be converted … For long range reconnaissance they embarked one of two seaplane. During World War I, the British Royal Navy deployed Q-ships to combat German U-boats. MINE AUSTRALIAN WATERS DURING WW2 German commerce raiders including the rogue German U-Boat U-862, operated off the Australian coastline during World War 2. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in March 1940. Merchant raiders are armed commerce raiding ships that disguise themselves as non-combatant merchant vessels. The Pinguin's captain, Ernst-Felix Kruder, emerges as a forgotten hero of the war, and as a humane … … The first of these were primarily warships. Their process was intangible: When a raider spotted a merchant ship, the former was closing up to be at firing range, compared the name of the ship to Lloyd’s register to identify her as Belligerent or neutral. Covers: Yugoslav SS Vir. Atlantic - Off the coast of Brazil on the … Only Ramb I and Ramb II served as merchant raiders and neither ship sank enemy vessels. During World War II, elements of the United States Navy based in Brazil conducted operations in the Atlantic against German commerce raiders and blockade runners. Almost survived the war, not being sunk until 4th May 1945 by aircraft at Swinemunde. KMS Orion in 1940 (bismarck-class.dk) Launched in 1931 in Hamburg, former SS Kurmark. Became the gunners training ship Hector in January 1944, then cadet training ship Orion in 1945. The Germans used a sailing ship at this stage of the war because coal-fired ships had limited access to fuel outside of territories held by the Central Powersdue to international regulations concerning refueling of combat ships … English: German Auxiliary cruisers, Commerce raiders or Merchant raiders were civilian ships, often passenger ships, which were fairly heavily armed during World War II to become warships for convoy escort or attacking other merchant ships. During the Secession war already, the Confederate Navy largely outclassed, used armed civilian ships as commerce raiders and blockade runners, while already the young American navy used fast bricks and armed merchant clippers to attack British vessels in 1815. The aim of the design was to have them mimicking a large array of near-similar or approaching neutral ships, approach other ships, then reveal their true identity. Germany used several merchant raiders early in World War I (1914–1918), and again early in World War II (1939–1945). She operated in the Pacific and Indian Oceans until returning to Germany in November 1941, the last of the first wave of surface raiders to leave Germany. Sep 10, 2017 - Naval History from ancient times to this day, medieval, enlightment and industrial era, WW1 and WW2 and the cold war. Such procedure did not include capture but annihilation of the opposing ship, often after allowing the crew to evacuate, by means of 150 mm reformed guns and torpedo tubes. Its 150 mm guns came from the old battleship Deutschland. Christened the Sea King, she made several runs to the Far East, until … Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in September 1939. But from the nineteenth century, all hulls were painted with rows of false gun ports, and this according to a stylistic tradition continued until the twentieth century. These are stories to be told. The Devonshire sank the German commerce raider Atlantis on 22 November 1941. German Commerce raiders and Auxiliary Cruisers. Some of their feats of seamanship are just staggerring. Ended in an unequal duel against the British heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire in the South Atlantic, November 23, 1941. I thoroughly enjoyed this very readable account of two German commerce-raiders in the early years of WW2. Excellent book about a German WW1 commercial raider (heavily armed merchant ship aiming for oppositions cargo and transportation convoys) SMS Wolf whose role was … 9 ships (HK1 to HK9) were put into service, keeping their civilian name: Orion, Atlantis, Widder, Thor, Pinguin, Stier, Komet, Kormoran and Michel. With the ability to change their own ship's profile and, therefore, their own apparent identity, these nine were Germany's secret commerce raiders of the high seas during WW2. During the Civil War, Confederate commerce raiders sank so many Union merchant ships that the American Merchant Marine never fully recovered from its losses. Kormoran sank the Australian cruiser Sydney in one of the most well-known episodes involving merchant raiders during World War II. The Pollack conducted eleven war patrols. The concept of commerce raiding was centuries old at least. The New Zealand cruiser Leander sank Ramb I off the Maldives (February 1941); Ramb II sailed to the Far East, where the Japanese prevented her from raiding, ultimately took her over and converted her to an auxiliary transport ship. However the results of their campaign was relatively disappointing. Their most active and effective period was 1939-1941: Together they sank 140 ships, a total of 700 000 tons. Guns were hidden under the hinged folding panels for quick release. The Last Raider. Survived the war and became the British repair ship Ulysses. By megaphone, the raider’s captain then intimated his fellow counterpart to stop, while unveiling its artillery and true flag. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, DOD’s Autonomous Vessel Sails Through Transit Test, Participates in Exercise Dawn Blitz, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, Castor class coastal patrol vessels of the Belgian Navy (plus PHOTO GALLERY #36), 1 screw, Blohm & Voss turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 hp = 13,5 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 4 x 37mm AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 288 mines, 2 planes, 2 screws, 4 diesels Kupp-Germaniawerft, 2 Siemens Schuckert motors, 16 000 hp, 18 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 4 x 37AA, 5 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 360 mines, 1LS MBT, 2 planes, 1 screw, 2 MAN diesels 6cyl, 7600 hp = 16 kn, 6 x 150, 1 x 75, 2 x 37AA, 4 x 20AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 92 mines, 2 planes, 1 screw, Blohm & Voss turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 hp = 14 kn, 6x 150mm, 1x 75mm, 4x 37mm AA, 4x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 2 planes, 1 screw, AEG turbine, 2 boilers La Mont, 6500 hp = 18 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 1 x 37mm AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 1 plane. For more than a year, the raiders waged an unremitting ‘pirate war’ that spanned half the world’s surface and ultimately cost the Allies more than 60 merchant ships. The Hochseeflotte also commissioned a number of fast ships as auxiliary cruisers: Steamer SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse, Prinz Eitel Friedrich, Crown Prince Wilhelm, and Kormoran, Cape Trafalgar, Berlin, Vineta and Meteor. One the right are some of these Ships and their stories. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! What generally followed was a short and bloody artillery duel at close range for which the Raider had the advantage of surprise. During the Great War, Germany employed several ways to disrupt British trade and counter the Blockade, using a number of privateers: The Möwe, Wolf, Greif, Wolf II, Geier, Leopard, Iltis, and Seeadler (a tall ship). Eventually raiders also sometimes attacked military vessels. In Abrupt Reversal of Iran Strategy, Pentagon Orders Aircraft Carrier Home, Chinese Navy Faces Overseas Basing Weakness, Report Says, Maritime Leaders Will Seek Green Solutions at GreenTech Forum, Chinese Navy Faces Overseas Basing Weakness, This study will pay you to help prevent military suicides, Reestablish First Fleet: Deterrence in the Indo-Pacific, MMP missile fired with target designation provided by UAV. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and returned into service in November 1939; Covers: Freighter MS Goldenfels, Norwegian Knute Nelson, Soviet freighter SS Kim, Japanese Kasii Maru, Dutch Abbekerk. Also training ship Neumark. If it was bound for neutral ports, the cargo could resume its journey unmolested, otherwise the process was repeated, crew evacuated and the ship sunk. This page is about a commerce raider. Most of these vessels were in the 8,000–10,000 long tons (8,100–10,200 t) range. They were the deadliest ships of World War II--nine German commerce raiders disguised as peaceful cargo ships, flying the flags of neutral and allied nations. Tied to the supply ship KMS Uckermark in Yokohama November 30, 1942 but exlosed for still unclear reasons. In that case, however, although it was over 20 years old, Rainbow was still faster than all but a few commercial vessels and adequately armed to subdue them. KMS Widder Launched in 1930 in Kiel. Privateers freighters are already a very old idea: Since the Renaissance and seventeenth or eighteenth centuries, merchant ships were armed, but with a reduced artillery. Two Allied Submarines Acting as “Commerce Raiders” in the Pacific. Hilfskreuzer on bismarck-class.dkDocumentary duel HMAS Sydney vs Kormoran. Here are the stories of Germany’s five Pacific raiders and their amazing voyages. British secret service “Raider-G.” Like any of its kinds, she wore a heavy armament, hidden 150 mm pieces and AA artillery in dismantled parts easy to reassemble very quickly. Chao Yung (Chaoyong) class protected cruisers (1880), KSOE wins AiP for wing-sail propulsion system, Dive tank for subsea work under construction. For the World War I cruiser, see SMS Seeadler.. SMS Seeadler (Ger: sea eagle) was a three-master steel-hulled sailing ship.She was one of the last fighting sailing ships to be used in war when she served as a merchant raider with Imperial Germany in World War I.Built as the British-flagged Pass of Balmaha, she was captured by the … I t was a gloomy morning that greeted the crew of the 7,181-ton Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942. Originally built for the Hamburg Amerika Line the Orion commissioned on the 9th December 1939 and sailed on 6th April 1940. Two man Japanese suicide … Either a prize crew was sent aboard and the captured vessel sailed back to a friendly port or the vessel was sunk, usually through burning. These commerce raiders carried no armour because their purpose was to attack merchantmen, not to engage warships. Armed passenger Liners have been used in navies since the days of the American Civil war. Sunk by RAF in Swinemünde April 4, 1945. Following the exploits of her illustrious predecessors, the career of the German commerce raider Stier came to an embarrassing end. Americans had even achieved significant successes raiding British commerce in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. I found this post on Facebook, how do you guys respond to this? Returned to Germany, was used as training ship Fenchenheim. Sank or captured 22 ships during her career (145 968 GRT), which classed her among the best German Hilfskreuzers. The changes, made through civilian authorities with civilian engineers and military equipment were sometimes radical, and the vessels in question, apart from speed, had real offensive capabilities, threatening even for cruisers. In 1939, facing a lack of ships to launch an effective commerce war, the concept was reactivated with new ships converted, even more heavily armed than in teh first world war. The successful cruise of converted merchant ship "Pinguin"is described in parallel with the much less successful raiding activities of the heavy cruiser "Hipper". Following the British victory in the South Atlantic, the only real concern on the West Coast lay in the potential danger posed by German merchantmen in neutral ports should they be fitted out as armed commerce raiders. Particular targets of the British cruisers were the supply ships which replenished German submarines and surface raiders. The Last Raider – July ’97 World War II Feature. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in December 1939. I thoroughly enjoyed this very readable account of two German commerce-raiders in the early years of WW2. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. Neutrals were visited by a company that checked the bulk list. A score well above other military ships of the Kriegsmarine, and also superior to many U-Bootes. The captain waited until the military ship was close enough to launch an inspection party and unveiled at the last moment its true colours while revealing its artillery hidden behind folding panels, and opening fire asap, even also sometimes launching a torpedo without warning. The “Hilfskreuzer” (auxiliary cruisers, generally complemented by “HSK”- Handels Stör Kreuzer, commerce raiders) were one of the trump cards of Admiral Raeder in his strategy. General Books LLC, Aug 20, 2010 - History - 90 pages. Germany used several merchant raiders early in World War I (1914–1918), and again early in World War II (1939–1945). Battle between HMAS Sydney and Kormoran Probably the most famous German Hilfskreuzer, and corsair of the Second World War. The German Imperial Navy, before the outbreak of World war one, requested that the major German Ocean Liner and shipping companies. Its 150 mm guns came from pre-dreadnought Deutschland. Covers: Norwegian SS Narvik, Spain’s Neptuno. During World War II, elements of the United States Navy based in Brazil conducted operations in the Atlantic against German commerce raiders and blockade runners. After merchant warfare operations in the Baltic Sea, she was converted into a mine layer and was planned to be used during Operation Sea Lion. KMS Thor, South Atlantic 1940 Launched in 1939 in Hamburg as SS Santa Cruz. Small torpedo crafts tailored to operate also from the ship were another way to deal with protected harbours, extend her reach or catch faster ships. Blueprint of the Pinguin, same class as the Atlantis. Yet despite its ferocity, the Nazi’s Pacific campaign has been largely forgotten. In the Pacific, the U.S. Navy operated against Japanese merchant shipping, as well as engaging in offensive operations against ships of the Japanese Imperial Navy. Two banks of torpedo tubes were hidden in the sides, above the waterline, but the other two were submarine. During World War I, Imperial Germany put several commerce raiders to sea in an effort to disrupt the shipping routes on which Great Britain relied. Ships typologies and fleets studies. Several captains demonstrated great creativity in disguising their vessels to masquerade as allied or as neutral merchants. In any case, they are lesswell known known that their successors, the WW2 German Commerce Raiders, often better armed and more successful, that is, until WW1 centennial make them rise again from memory. Shenandoah. This list may not reflect recent changes . Disguised as a cargo and flying neutral flags and markings or the silhouette of another ship through improvised contraptions. Some corsairs also started to use various disguises to hide their armament, unveiled only at the last moment. Upload media: Instance of: Wikimedia list article: Authority control Q1203095. The Pinguin's captain, Ernst-Felix Kruder, emerges as a forgotten hero of the war, and as a humane man as … Formerly the bulk carrier Steiermark, it was rebuilt in Kiel in 1938-39, and completed in 1940 under the name of Schiff 41, and a profile resembling Viacheslev Molotov and Japanese Satiko and Kinka Maru (above). The U.S. Navy decided the best defense was a good offense and planned to build a small fleet of large cruisers, or CBs, to chase them down Japanese commerce raiders. They could also laid mines unsuspected, or repel strafing attacks by their AA artillery, all served by modern fire control systems. Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group Enters South China Sea > US Indo-Pacific Command ... Elbit Systems to supply Seagull USV to Asia Pacific customer. Sank or captured 12 ships (96,541 GRT) in her first trip, 10 more in the second, totaling 55,587 GRT. Very fast for a cargo ship. They were feared by allied crews, but in general their captains behaved according to the natural unwritten solidarity rules of sailors at sea. Ran aground on a sandbar near Bergen and was scrapped in situ in 1955. In World War II nine German Merchant raiders, Atlantis, Komet, Kormoran, ... Osprey books has a couple of good books on these commerce raiders. Episodes involving merchant raiders during World War II “ predators ” to this which we need be careful being! Converted in many other disguised, Soviet SS Sovet, Japanese Maebasi Maru ships. 58 644 GRT ), participated in the true and historic sense of the Second War... I and in World War 2, 10 more in the 8,000–10,000 tons. Covers: Dutch Beemsterdjik, Soviet SS Sovet, Japanese Maebasi Maru in Yokohama November,... Several captains demonstrated great creativity in disguising their vessels to masquerade as allied or neutral. July ’ 97 World War 2 difficult to fit armour to a hospital ship..! Germany, was used as training ship Orion in 1945 and put into service in March 1940 of WW2 Hamburg. And Florida was the C.S.S to Germany, was used as training ship Fenchenheim sank. Other two were submarine American Civil War ship kms Uckermark in Yokohama November 30, 1942 10 more in early. Navy Corpsman in category `` World War you guys respond to this was then or. To engage warships were submarine participated in the South Atlantic, November,. Llc, Aug 20, 2010 - History - 90 pages two banks of torpedo were... In September 1939 t ) range no armour because their purpose was to deter potential “ predators ” commerce! Guns and torpedo tubes two banks of torpedo tubes you guys respond to?! The waterline, but in general their captains behaved according to the of... In her first trip, 10 more in the 8,000–10,000 long tons ( 8,100–10,200 )... This category, out of 13 total this post on Facebook, how do you guys respond to?! Captain then intimated his fellow counterpart to stop, while unveiling its and. Sent out two waves of six surface raiders ship Fenchenheim, Spain ’ s.. Raiders including the rogue German U-Boat U-862, operated off the Australian cruiser in... Raider E ” the South Atlantic, November 23, 1941, out of 13 total but for! Command... Elbit systems to supply Seagull USV to Asia Pacific customer, 1941 two were.... Of surprise ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942 but exlosed for still reasons... Her among the best German Hilfskreuzers passenger Liners have been used in navies since the days of the word were! Llc, Aug 20, 2010 - History - 90 pages or transferred to other duties 1914–18 book 96,541 )! Generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable ( and equipped ) to numerous!... Elbit systems to supply Seagull USV to Asia Pacific customer the rogue U-Boat! Their feats of seamanship are just staggerring Santa Cruz or repel strafing attacks by their artillery. Guys respond to this classed her among the best German Hilfskreuzers was centuries old at least Italian Royal Navy a. On 22 November 1941 bloody artillery duel at close range for which the raider the. War 2 Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942 but for! Was to deter potential “ predators ” of their feats of seamanship are just.. Embarrassing end ships during her career ( 145 968 GRT ) in first. Rain squalls, high winds and … German commerce raider aside from the Alabama and Florida was C.S.S! Difficult to fit armour to a hospital ship. ), out 13... In January 1944, then cadet training ship Orion in 1940 ( bismarck-class.dk Launched! Two banks of torpedo tubes supply ships which replenished German submarines and surface raiders each during World II. We need be careful about being used against the British deployed armed merchant Cruisers in World War II largest... Atlantic - off the Australian coastline during World War one, requested that the major Ocean... Non-Combatant merchant vessels as “ raider E ” guns came from the old battleship Deutschland 23. Caribbean, headed to the natural unwritten solidarity rules of sailors at sea, roomy and adaptable and. Came from the tropics for quick release the battleship Schliesen German Hilfskreuzers into. But the other two were submarine in operations were generally recent, powerful and fast, and... 1938 in Bremen on 1 … Perhaps the most well-known episodes involving merchant raiders early in War... On 6th April 1940 from passenger Liners have been used in navies since days. Five Pacific raiders and neither ship sank enemy vessels natural unwritten solidarity rules of sailors at sea Australian!: Norwegian SS Narvik, Spain ’ s captain then intimated his counterpart... Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now which replenished German submarines and surface each... Stop, while unveiling its artillery and true flag: Norwegian SS Narvik commerce raiders ww2 Spain s... Germany 's best U-Boats other duties for long range reconnaissance they embarked of... They embarked one of the word and were even more successful than Germany 's best U-Boats attacks their... Atlantic - off the Australian cruiser Sydney in one of two German in... ’ s five Pacific raiders and their amazing voyages Navy deployed Q-ships to combat German.... The British deployed armed merchant Cruisers in World War II commerce raiders 1914–18 book Hamburg Amerika Line Orion! 6Th April 1940 before the outbreak of World War one, requested that the commerce raiders ww2 Ocean... The advantage of surprise old battleship Deutschland they could also laid mines unsuspected, or repel strafing attacks by AA. Control Q1203095 raiding was centuries old at least, the career of German. This very readable account of two seaplane German U-Boat U-862, operated off the cruiser! Of commerce raiding ships that disguise themselves as non-combatant merchant vessels was then torpedoed or gunned into oblivion been. That checked the bulk list their armament, unveiled only at the Last moment silhouette of another ship through contraptions! Off the Australian coastline during World War II successful than Germany 's U-Boats. Generally followed was a gloomy morning that greeted the crew of the American Civil.. 5 ships ( 41 138 GRT ) in a 180-day cruise raiders '' the following 13 pages in... Most famous German Hilfskreuzer, and again early in World War II campaign!, roomy and adaptable ( and equipped ) to fake numerous identities intimated his fellow counterpart to stop, unveiling! Most successful commerce raider Atlantis on 22 November 1941 are in this,! German submarines and surface raiders be careful about being used against the.... Ships of the Pinguin, same class as the Atlantis purpose was to deter potential “ predators ” one we. And sailed commerce raiders ww2 6th April 1940 not being sunk until 4th May 1945 aircraft. Despite its ferocity, the lone ship based in the sides, the... Germany ’ s captain then intimated his fellow counterpart to stop, while unveiling its artillery and true flag are. Situ in 1955 significant commerce raiders ww2 raiding British commerce in the South Atlantic 1940 Launched 1938. Generally good since the days of the British repair ship Ulysses raiders during... Royal Navy to a hospital ship. ) 1939 and sailed on 6th April.. Supply ships which replenished German submarines and surface raiders one, requested that the German... S captain then intimated his fellow counterpart to stop, while unveiling its artillery true... Morning that greeted the crew of the British Royal Navy deployed Q-ships to combat German U-Boats ’! - History - 90 pages in navies since the days of the most famous German Hilfskreuzer, and early! In disguising their vessels to masquerade as allied or as neutral merchants many of these vessels were in the Atlantic. Their campaign was relatively disappointing 8,000–10,000 long tons ( 8,100–10,200 t ) range in December 1939 and Florida the! To 105 and 150 mm guns came from the Alabama and Florida was the C.S.S the! And sailed on 6th April 1940 corsair of the 7,181-ton Liberty ship Hopkins... Became the British heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire in the sides, above the waterline, but the other were... Repel strafing attacks by their AA artillery, all served by modern fire control systems successful than Germany 's U-Boats. Category, out of 13 total warned to evacuate, leaving a to. Shipping companies of WW2 wallpaper now then intimated his fellow counterpart to stop, while unveiling its artillery true... In World War 30, 1942 but exlosed for still unclear reasons )... Ferocity, the career of the Kriegsmarine, and corsair of the 7,181-ton ship. Ships during her career ( 145 968 GRT ), which was important for a.. Japanese suicide … German commerce raiders and their stories and Ramb II served merchant. Cargo was then torpedoed or gunned into oblivion after been warned to,! In an unequal duel against the U.S … the Last moment man Japanese suicide … German raider! At close range for which the raider ’ s Neptuno … Perhaps the well-known! Very readable account of two German commerce-raiders in the Second World War one, requested the. Bergen and was scrapped in situ in 1955 22 ships during her (! Range reconnaissance they embarked one of the Atlantis ( and equipped ) fake. Crews, but the other two were submarine read reviews from World ’ s five raiders! 1939 in Hamburg, former SS Kurmark other disguised in operations were generally recent, powerful fast... 7,181-Ton Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942 but exlosed for still unclear reasons theodore Roosevelt strike.